Waste management infrastructure

Waste is generated exclusively by human activity and waste management is a first-rate economic issue.

The waste is inadequate for further use without additional treatment and processing procedures, which requires the application of new methods of treatment and new technology.

Waste management is a series of planned and coordinated activities on waste collection, transport, recovery and disposal, as well as maintenance of disposal sites during and after their use. In addition, management includes commercial or intermediary activities related to the collected waste.

Through well-planned waste management, non-useful waste is transformed into a useful resource and it can be achieved that the waste of one industry becomes the raw material of another or the same industry. This is a transition to a “circular economy”, which is a significant contribution to solving the problem of macroeconomic instability.

The Law on Sustainable Waste Management (Official Gazette of the Republic of Croatia 94/13) defines the order of priority of waste management as follows:

  1. Waste prevention (measures to reduce waste including reuse of products or extension of product life),
  2. Preparation for re-use (recovery operations by which products or parts of products which have become waste by inspection, cleaning or repair are prepared for re-use without additional pre-treatment),
  3. Recycling (any recovery operation by which waste materials are processed into products, materials or substances for original or other purposes, except for the use of waste for energy purposes, or processing into material used as fuel or backfill material),
  4. Other recovery procedures e.g. energy recovery and
  5. Waste disposal.

The local self-government unit is obliged to ensure in its area:

  • public service of collection of mixed municipal waste, and biodegradable municipal waste
  • separate collection of waste paper, metal, glass, plastic and textiles and large (bulky) municipal waste,
  • prevention of waste disposal in a manner contrary to this Act and disposal of such disposed waste,
  • implementation of the Plan,
  • adoption and implementation of the waste management plan of the local self-government unit,
  • conducting educational and informative activities in their area and
  • the possibility of implementing waste collection actions.

The public service of collection of mixed municipal waste and collection of biodegradable municipal waste means the collection of that waste in a certain area, the provision of services through containers from individual users and the transport of that waste to the entity authorized to treat that waste.

Each local self-government unit has the obligation to separately collect special waste, waste paper, metal, glass, plastic and textiles, as well as bulky (bulky) municipal waste, in such a way as to ensure:

  • functioning of one or more recycling yards, ie mobile units in its area,
  • placing the appropriate number and type of containers for separate collection of problematic waste, waste paper, metal, glass, plastic and textiles, which are not covered by the system of management of a special category of waste, in a public area,
  • informing households about the location and change of location of the recycling yard, mobile unit and containers for separate collection of problematic waste, waste paper, metal, glass, plastic and textiles, and
  • the service of transporting large (bulky) municipal waste at the request of the service user.

Projects and contracts that our experts worked on:

  • Technical assistance and visibility within the EU funds management system, the Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency of the Republic of Croatia
  • Recycling yard Industrijska, Požega
  • Recycling yard in Rešetari, Rešetari
  • Plants for sorting separately collected waste paper, cardboard, metal, plastic and others: Šagulje-Ivik, Nova Gradiška